On Sunday, Khartoum residents reported being startled from their sleep by “violent fighting” involving various weapons while the sound of warplanes awakened others.
Since mid-April, clashes between forces loyal to army chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces have resulted in the deaths of nearly 3,000 people.
According to the International Organization for Migration, approximately 2.2 million individuals have been internally displaced, and about 645,000 have sought refuge across borders for their safety.
Doctors Without Borders (MSF) expressed concern about the dire situation displaced Sudanese faced in nine White Nile State camps, which share a border with South Sudan. In a statement, MSF described the hardships endured by the displaced, emphasizing the gravity of the situation.
Darfur, a western region of Sudan, has witnessed some of the most severe fightings, with reports of targeted killings of civilians based on their ethnicity by the Rapid Support Forces and allied Arab militias.
Although the death toll is believed to be much higher than officially reported, two-thirds of health facilities in conflict-affected areas are currently “out of service,” according to the World Health Organization.
Many injured individuals cannot reach hospitals, and bodies can be found decomposing in the streets of Khartoum and Darfur.
The United Nations states that a staggering 25 million people in Sudan require humanitarian aid and protection. Most affected, particularly women and children, reside in camps stretching south of Khartoum to the South Sudan border, as highlighted by MSF.
MSF further revealed that suspected measles cases have emerged within the camps, and malnutrition among children has become a critical health emergency. Between June 6 and 7, MSF treated 223 children with suspected measles, of which 72 required hospitalization, and 13 tragically lost their lives.
The ongoing war has severely damaged Sudan’s fragile infrastructure, resulting in water and electricity shortages, further compounded by the scorching heat.
Despite numerous unsuccessful ceasefires, including those negotiated by the United States and Saudi Arabia, fighting persisted during the recent Eid al-Adha holiday, despite separate unilateral truces announced by the warring factions.